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2019 UK Car Road Tax Bands Explained

This year, you may have noticed an increase on your Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) – otherwise known as vehicle tax.

From April 1st 2019, vehicles were hit with a higher VED, impacting thousands of road users across the UK. The increase of VED rates for cars, vans and motorcycles was made in line with the Retail Price Index.

How much will my car cost to tax?

It all depends on the vehicle you have but the Office for Budget Responsibility predicts the average cost is £170 a year.

Vehicles in the UK are taxed based on the amount of CO2 emissions they produce, as well as when they were registered and what type of fuel they use. The categorisation can be quite complex on the face of it and you’ll need to refer to your vehicle’s handbook to find out its emissions and, therefore, which band your car fits into.

Your vehicle will fall into one of the following categories and be taxed according to the tax band it falls into:

  • Cars registered on or after 1 April 2017
  • Cars registered on or after February 2001 but before 1 April 2017
  • Cars registered before 1 March 2001
  • Motorcycles, mopeds and motor tricycles

Car tax rates

Here are the car tax rates to cars first registered on or after 1 April 2017. These rates came into force at the start of April 2019.

2019 Petrol and Diesel tax bands

CO2 emissionsFirst-year rateFirst-year rate for diesel cars*Standard rate - from second year onwards
1-50 g/km£10£25£145
51-75 g/km£25£110£145
76-90 g/km£110£130£145
91-100 g/km£130£150£145
101-110 g/km£150£170£145
111-130 g/km£170£210£145
131-150 g/km£210£530£145
151-170 g/km£530£855£145
171-190 g/km£855£1,280£145
191-225 g/km£1,280£1,815£145
226-255 g/km£1,815£2,135£145
Over 255 g/km£2,135£2,135£145

2019 vehicle tax bands - Alternative fuel cars

CO2 emissionsFirst-year rateStandard rate - from second year onwards
1-50 g/km£0£135
51-75 g/km£15£135
76-90 g/km£100£135
91-100 g/km£120£135
101-110 g/km£140£135
111-130 g/km£160£135
131-150 g/km£200£135
151-170 g/km£520£135
171-190 g/km£845£135
191-225 g/km£1,270£135
226-255 g/km£1,805£135
Over 255 g/km£2,125£135

Are any vehicles exempt from tax?

Yes! If your vehicle was manufactured before 1st January 1979, it will be exempt from VED. These models are known as historic vehicles. Some electric vehicles and disabled passenger models may also be exempt.

Find out which vehicles are exempt from VED by visiting

Can I transfer car tax?

Car tax cannot be transferred and you must apply for a refund when selling or scrapping your car. If you have existing road tax on your car, you can visit the GOV.UK website and apply for a refund.

Once you get a new car, you will then have to tax your car online.

How do I check if my car is taxed?

Check if your car is taxed on the GOV.UK website, here. It’s a legal requirement to tax your car, so make sure you get this arranged before you drive your new car for the first time.

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